Given a jQuery object that represents a set of DOM elements, the parent() method traverses to the immediate parent of each of these elements in the DOM tree and constructs a new jQuery object from the matching elements.
This method is similar to .parents(), except .parent() only travels a single level up the DOM tree. Also, $( „html” ).parent() method returns a set containing document whereas $( „html” ).parents() returns an empty set.
The method optionally accepts a selector expression of the same type that we can pass to the $() function. If the selector is supplied, the elements will be filtered by testing whether they match it.